Hawaii is known as one of the most beautiful places in the world. But even in Hawaii, crime can be a problem. So, it’s important to know the security camera laws in Hawaii to ensure that your property is safe and secure. If you’re planning to install cameras in your home or business, there are several things you need to consider.
What are the Security Camera Laws in Hawaii?
Hawaii law doesn’t mention security cameras specifically. However, cameras may be subject to the state’s privacy laws and regulations. Generally, it is legal to install security cameras in public areas without anyone’s knowledge or consent. But if you want to record audio, then you must obtain the express consent of any persons who may be recorded by the camera. Haw. Rev. Stat. § 711‐1111
This same law also has a clause that specifically applies to security cameras. Section (1)(d) of the code linked above states a person violates if they “Install or use, or both, in any private place, without consent of the person or persons entitled to privacy therein, any means or device for observing, recording, amplifying, or broadcasting sounds or events in that place”. This has real implications for the use of security cameras, and it’s important to abide by this law if you want to avoid fines, jail time, or other legal consequences.
Single-Party Consent Law in Hawaii
According to Hawaii recording law, it is illegal to use any device to record or disclose communications without the consent of at least one person taking part in the communication. You are legally allowed to record a conversation if you have prior consent from another involved party, or if all parties agree. Haw Rev Stat 803-42.
For security cameras, this means if you want to record audio, you need to obtain the express consent of at least one person who may be recorded by the camera.
Illegal Video Recording in Hawaii
In Hawaii, it is illegal to use any device to listen to, record, or watch what is happening in a private place without the permission of the people who have a right to privacy in that place. Haw. Rev. Stat. § 711‐1111.
This means that if you set up a security camera in a private setting, like a changing room, bathroom, or bedroom, you must obtain the express consent of any persons who may be recorded by the camera.
Recording Law Enforcement Officers in Hawaii
The law in Hawaii makes a specific provision for recording police officers and other law enforcement. Anyone can record an on-duty law enforcement officer in a public place without fear of criminal charges, as long as the recording does not interfere with the performance of their duties.
Penalties for Breaking the Security Camera Laws in Hawaii
Breaking the security camera laws in Hawaii can have serious consequences.
If someone in Hawaii uses a hidden camera or another device to record another person who is undressing or participating in sexual activity, that person has committed the offense of violation of privacy in the first degree. This offense is a Class C felony. If someone violates another party’s reasonable expectation of privacy in any other way, that person has committed a misdemeanor of the second degree.
A Class C felony is punishable by up to five years imprisonment and/or a fine of $10,000. A second-degree misdemeanor has a maximum sentence of one year in jail and/or a fine of $2,000. Another charge can be added for each additional instance of video or audio recording,
Additionally, depending on the situation, footage obtained through unauthorized surveillance may not be admissible as evidence in court. It is important to be aware of and follow the security camera laws in Hawaii to avoid breaking them and incurring serious penalties.
Can I Install a Security Camera in My Hawaii Home?
Yes, it is legal to install a security camera in your own home as long as the footage is not being used for any illegal activity. It should also not be used to violate the privacy of another person and should follow the single-party consent rule when recording audio.
If you live in an apartment, condo, or HOA, be sure to check your lease agreement or community rules before installing security cameras. Also, be aware of your neighbors and make sure that the security camera does not record any activity on their property.
Can I Install a Security Camera in My Hawaii Business?
Yes, it is legal to install a security camera in your business as long as it is used for legitimate purposes. However, you must provide notice to employees and customers that the business is using video surveillance. Signs should be displayed clearly in visible locations throughout the premises indicating that video recording is taking place.
When installing a security camera, you should make sure it is clearly visible and prominently display a notice that the area is under surveillance. You should also make sure the camera is not recording any activity outside of the business premises or in any areas where your customers would have a reasonable expectation of privacy, such as restrooms or changing rooms.
Businesses in Hawaii are legally allowed to install video surveillance systems for security and monitoring purposes. These cameras can help catch any suspicious or illegal activity, as well as improve overall workplace efficiency.
How to File a Complaint if Someone is Violating the Security Camera Laws in Hawaii
If someone is violating the security camera laws in Hawaii, you can file a complaint with the local police department. It is important to provide as much information as possible, including a detailed description of the camera and any other evidence you have.
The police will investigate the complaint and, if necessary, take appropriate action. Depending on the circumstances of the complaint, they may be able to issue a fine or even file criminal charges against the offender.
It is important to remember that a complaint does not guarantee any legal action will be taken. However, filing a complaint can still be beneficial as it may help to deter others from breaking the security camera laws in Hawaii.
You may also want to contact an attorney to discuss your legal options and whether filing a lawsuit is right for you. An experienced attorney can help you understand the laws in Hawaii and provide guidance on how to proceed.
When filing a complaint, be sure to include all of the relevant information:
-The name and address of the person you believe is violating the law
-The date(s) and time(s) of the incident
-The location where the incident occurred
-A description of what happened
-Any evidence you have, such as photos or videos
-The names of any witnesses
-Any other relevant information
Security cameras can provide safety and security for businesses and homes, but it is important to be aware of the laws in Hawaii before installing them. These laws are in place to protect the privacy of people and businesses, and any violation may result in serious penalties. Before installing a camera on your premises, make sure you understand the law and take steps to ensure that your camera is in compliance.
Security Camera Laws in Other States
The Security Camera Laws in Georgia
The Security Camera Laws in Delaware
The Security Camera Laws in Connecticut
Do I need a permit for security cameras in my Hawaii business?
No, you do not need a permit for security cameras as long as they are being used for legitimate purposes. However, it is important to display notices informing employees and customers that video surveillance is taking place.
Can you video-record someone without their consent in Hawaii?
Yes, it is legal to video-record someone without their consent in Hawaii as long as the recording does not interfere with the person’s reasonable expectation of privacy. If the recording is taking place in a public space such as a street or sidewalk, then it would not be considered an invasion of privacy. However, if the recording is taking place in an area where someone would have a reasonable expectation of privacy, such as a bathroom or bedroom, then it would be considered an invasion of privacy and may be subject to legal action.
Yes, it is illegal to install hidden cameras in Hawaii if they are being used for the purpose of spying or recording without the knowledge or consent of those involved. The penalty for installing a hidden camera depends on the circumstances, but it can range from a fine to jail time. It is a violation of Hawaii’s privacy law to install or use any device that records events happening in a private place without the person’s consent.