The Security Camera Laws in Wyoming: Everything You Need to Know

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Wyoming, characterized by its diverse landscapes from the Rocky Mountains to the Great Plains, recognizes the value of safety and security for both residents and businesses. Understanding the security camera laws in Wyoming is essential for those contemplating installing cameras on their property. Here’s a guide to help you navigate through these laws.

1. What are the Security Camera Laws in Wyoming?

Before you jump into setting up those cameras, let’s ensure you’re on the right side of the law.

Know Where to Place Them

In Wyoming, there’s no specific statute solely dedicated to security cameras. However, general privacy laws apply. Always avoid placing cameras where someone would have a reasonable expectation of privacy. Think bathrooms, changing rooms, or bedrooms. Pointing your cameras towards these areas, especially from a business setting, is a big no-no.

Eavesdropping Laws

Wyoming’s eavesdropping laws (Wyo. Stat. § 7-3-702) apply primarily to audio recordings. Being a one-party consent state, at least one party in a conversation should be aware of and consent to any recording. If your security camera has audio features, be cautious about recording private conversations where you aren’t a participant.

Neighboring Properties

Keep in mind that while your security is important, so is your neighbor’s privacy. Avoid placing cameras that directly focus on or capture areas of your neighbor’s property, especially intimate spaces like windows or backyards.

Business vs. Residential

If you’re a business owner, transparency is key. Consider placing signs that inform patrons they’re being recorded. Not only does this deter potential mischief, but it also keeps you clear of potential legal misunderstandings.

security camera laws in Wyoming

2. Other Wyoming Laws Related to Security Cameras

Here’s a short list of Wyoming laws that could potentially impact security camera use, along with brief descriptions of how each might apply:

  • Trespassing Laws (Wyo. Stat. § 6-3-303): Installing cameras on someone else’s property without permission could potentially be a violation of trespassing laws. Always ensure cameras are within your property boundaries to avoid legal disputes.
  • Stalking Laws (Wyo. Stat. § 6-2-506): Utilizing cameras to intentionally stalk or harass someone could potentially lead to serious legal repercussions under stalking laws if the cameras are used to capture someone’s movements and behaviors maliciously.
  • Voyeurism Laws (Wyo. Stat. § 6-4-304): Cameras that are used to capture images or videos from places where an individual has a reasonable expectation of privacy, like inside bedrooms or bathrooms, could potentially lead to charges under Wyoming’s voyeurism or “peeping tom” laws.
  • Wiretapping and Eavesdropping Laws (Wyo. Stat. § 7-3-702): Adherence to eavesdropping laws is crucial if a security camera also records audio. The law requires at least one party involved in the conversation to consent to being recorded.

Remember, while these laws provide a general framework, it’s always a good idea to consult with a legal professional or local law enforcement agency to get accurate and detailed advice on security camera installation and usage in your specific context.

3. Penalties for Violating the Security Camera Laws in Wyoming

Violating security camera laws in Wyoming can lead to severe consequences. Depending on the situation and severity of the violation, perpetrators may face fines, imprisonment, or both.

  • Trespassing Laws (Wyo. Stat. § 6-3-303): A violation could result in a misdemeanor charge, punishable by imprisonment for up to 6 months, a fine of up to $750, or both.
  • Stalking Laws (Wyo. Stat. § 6-2-506): A person found guilty of stalking could face a misdemeanor charge for a first offense, which carries a penalty of imprisonment for up to 6 months, a fine of up to $750, or both. Subsequent offenses or stalking in violation of a protection order can escalate to felony charges with more severe penalties.
  • Voyeurism Laws (Wyo. Stat. § 6-4-304): Violating voyeurism laws can lead to a misdemeanor charge, which may result in imprisonment for up to 6 months, a fine of up to $750, or both. If the victim is a minor, the penalties could be more severe.
  • Wiretapping and Eavesdropping Laws (Wyo. Stat. § 7-3-702): Violation of this statute, depending on the specific circumstances and whether it’s a first or subsequent offense, can lead to both misdemeanor and felony charges, carrying varying degrees of fines and potential imprisonment.

While the above outlines general consequences, the exact penalties can vary based on the specific circumstances of each case, and consulting with a legal professional is crucial to understanding the implications fully.

4. Can I Install a Security Camera in My Wyoming Home?

Certainly! You as a homeowner have the right to safeguard your residence with security cameras, but there are guidelines to follow.

  • Respecting Privacy: It is critical that the cameras do not encroach upon the privacy of others, meaning areas where there is a reasonable expectation of privacy, such as neighbors’ windows or yards, should be avoided.
  • Audio Recording: Given Wyoming’s one-party consent law, audio can be recorded as long as one party in the conversation is aware of the recording.
  • Renters and Shared Communities: If you’re renting or living in a shared community, scrutinize your lease agreement or community by-laws to avoid any potential disputes or violations. Securing permission from your landlord or community association beforehand is advisable.
  • Camera Placement:
    • Front and Back Doors
    • Windows
    • Driveways
    • Common Areas

5. Can I Install a Security Camera in My Wyoming Business?

Absolutely! It’s pivotal for business owners to maintain security, but it must be executed legally and ethically.

  • Informing Employees and Customers: Clear communication is key. Ensure both your employees and customers are aware of the surveillance. Display clear and conspicuous signage indicating which areas are under surveillance.
  • Avoiding Private Areas: Avoid installing cameras in areas where individuals have a reasonable expectation of privacy such as bathrooms or changing rooms. This not only maintains trust but also avoids legal complications.
  • Legality and Ethics: It’s crucial to balance security needs with legal and ethical considerations. Respecting individual privacy while maintaining a secure environment should be the ultimate goal.
  • Camera Placement:
    • Entrances and Exits
    • Cash Registers
    • Stock Rooms
    • Parking Lots

Consideration Points for Both Home and Business:

  • Consult Legal Counsel: For precise legal advice on camera placement and usage, it’s always wise to consult with a legal professional.
  • Review Data Protection Laws: Ensure that the data captured is stored securely, and access is restricted to avoid any infringement of privacy rights or data protection laws.
  • Be Transparent: Transparency builds trust. Whether it’s in a home shared with roommates or a bustling business center, open communication about surveillance goes a long way.

By following the above guidelines and maintaining a keen eye on legality and privacy, you can harness the benefits of security cameras to create a safer living or working environment in Wyoming.

mistake installation camera

6. How to File a Complaint in Wyoming

Understanding how to appropriately react and report is paramount when you suspect a violation of security camera laws. So, here’s an expanded, more detailed guide to navigating this process in Wyoming:

Step by Step to Filing a Complaint:

  1. Identify the Violation: Firstly, ascertain whether the cameras in question are truly violating any laws, like being positioned to view areas with a reasonable expectation of privacy.
  2. Contact Local Police: Reach out to your local law enforcement agency promptly and apprise them of your concerns. They are trained to assess the situation and determine whether any laws are being violated.
  3. Prepare Detailed Information: Furnishing complete and precise details is key. Be prepared to provide:
    • Name and address of the suspected violator
    • Date, time, and specific location of the incident
    • Detailed description of the event
    • Photographic or recorded evidence if available
    • Names and contact details of any witnesses
    • Any other relevant specifics to contextualize the complaint
  4. Understand the Process: Remember, filing a complaint might not yield immediate action, but it brings the alleged violation to the attention of the authorities and can act as a deterrent to potential violators. It also starts a paper trail that can be critical if legal action becomes necessary later.

Consider Legal Counsel:

If you feel that the situation is not adequately addressed, consulting with an attorney specializing in privacy laws in Wyoming can offer clarity and guide you on the possible legal routes available to you. They can provide counsel on the viability of a lawsuit and support you through any ensuing legal processes.

Maintain a Constructive Approach:

While dealing with potential violations, maintaining a constructive, solution-oriented approach is crucial. Seek resolution through dialogue when possible before escalating matters. This not only fosters a sense of community but also facilitates a quicker, more harmonious resolution to conflicts.

Keep Records:

Document all interactions related to your complaint, including dates, times, names, and the content of conversations. This can be invaluable if the situation escalates to legal proceedings.


Stay proactive about following up on your complaint. Regularly check in with the local authorities regarding the status of your report and inquire about any developments or decisions made in relation to it.


For Wyoming residents and businesses, while security cameras are invaluable tools for safety, it’s pivotal to be acquainted with the state’s laws governing their use. Abiding by these laws ensures the protection of individuals’ privacy rights and prevents potential legal pitfalls.

Security Camera Laws in Other States


Can you record someone without their consent in Wyoming?

Recording someone without their consent in Wyoming is generally permissible, as Wyoming is a one-party consent state, meaning only one party to the conversation needs to consent to the recording. However, this doesn’t permit recording in situations where there is a reasonable expectation of privacy, such as restrooms or private residences, without consent from all involved parties.

Can you install surveillance cameras around my Wyoming property?

You can install surveillance cameras around your Wyoming property, but it is crucial to adhere to laws related to privacy. Cameras should not be placed in areas where individuals have a reasonable expectation of privacy, such as inside bathrooms or towards neighbors’ homes.

Is Wyoming a one party or two party state?

Wyoming is a one-party state, meaning that as long as one participant in the conversation consents, recording conversations is generally legal, even without notifying or obtaining consent from the other parties involved.

Can I sue someone for recording me without my permission in Wyoming?

Yes, you can sue someone for recording you without your permission in Wyoming if the recording violates your reasonable expectation of privacy, such as in situations where you were not a party to the conversation or in areas where individuals expect privacy like bathrooms or private homes. In such cases, legal remedies might be available depending on the circumstances surrounding the recording.

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